Vaccines contain small quantities
of altered or "killed" viruses, bacteria or other
disease-causing organisms. When administered, they stimulate
your dog's immune system to produce disease-fighting cells
and proteins, or antibodies, to protect against disease.
The immunity that a puppy has at birth begins to diminish
sometime between 6 and 12 weeks. It is then usually time
to begin the initial vaccinations. Thereafter, your dog
will require repeat vaccination at regular intervals for
the rest of his or her life.
Please contact us so that
we can determine the schedule that's right for your dog.
Intestinal worms are a common
problem of all dogs. Common intestinal worms include roundworm,
hookworm and tapeworm, for which we offer
routine deworming services. Frequency
of worming differs according to the age of the dog. Note
that re-infection can occur from parks, gardens and other
dogs, so keep an eye on the dog's motions from time to time.
If worms or tapeworm segment are seen, an additional worming
dose will be required.
Home Health Check
Although it is recommended
that your dog is taken for a complete, routine physical
exam at least once a year, there are important things that
you can check at home to help you to recognize problems
early. Here are some simple tips that should alert you that
it may be time to seek veterinary assistance.
discharge without an obvious cause. Sometimes unexplained,
persistent eye discharges can indicate a subtle decline
in overall health.
or decrease in appetite without any change in exercise,
diet, or environmental conditions.
loss or weight gain without any change in exercise or
feeding routine. With long haired dogs, you may need
to feel, rather than look, because hair can hide changes.
or decrease in water consumption along with a corresponding
increase or decrease (respectively) in volume of urine
produced. Note that an increase in thirst without an
increase in urine produced often means that the dog
is panting more than usual or losing more fluid in the
in frequency of defecation; size, color, or consistency
of the stool; or any change in the effort or body position
required for a bowel movement. Also note if there is
any mucus or blood.
in the luster, texture, oiliness, color, or shedding
pattern of the hair coat (changes that cannot be explained
by grooming habits). Hair coat variations can indicate
subtle changes in health status.
in muscle tone or muscle mass, especially over the back.
Sometimes a dog's overall body weight can remain the
same, but redistribution, such as an increase in abdominal
size along with a decrease in the size of back muscles
can indicate a problem.
in energy level, even in older dogs.
in typical behavior patterns. Unexplained lethargy (sluggishness),
loss of interest in exercise or play-time, or even unexplained
hyperactivity could indicate some sort of health problem.
Household, garage and garden
chemicals can be extremely dangerous to your dog or puppy.
Poisonous substances should be placed in a safe place to
ensure your dog does not come into contact with them. If
you suspect your dog has been poisoned, seek veterinary
help IMMEDIATELY. If possible, you should take the packet/label
from the poison with you to help identify the poison and
your Dog's Age
The onset of old age can
occur between 5 and 10 years for most dogs, depending on
heredity. If your dog is a small breed, he/she probably
wont show signs of aging until at least 9 years. Meddium-sized
breeds enter their geriatric years around age 7 or 8, while
giant breeds as early as age 5.
for females and "neuter" surgery for males,
ensure sterilize dogs and cats. If you are not planning
to breed your dog, you should consider having him/her spayed/neutered.
At Ponds, this is a routine surgical procedure.
Reasons to Spay or Neuter
reduces your dogs "need" to roam.
reduces or eliminates certain reproductive cancers.
Spaying disburdens the female dog of the heat cycle
and all other discomforts that accompany it.
lessens a dog's need for dominance.
dog's lifespan is increased if it is spayed/neutered.
eliminates the owner's concern of unwanted puppies,
runaway stud dogs, stained furniture, and nervous and
agressive mood swings in pets.
relieves the community of homeless dogs and property
Ticks and fleas are external
parasites that can spread diseases, and in heavy investations,
can cause anemia from blood loss. Symptoms of tick diseases
may include fever, anemia, weight loss, unexplained bleeding,
seizures, joint pain and poort appetite. Fleas may cause
skin allergies, anemia and act as carriers for tapeworms
and other diseases.
Prevention of tick and flea
infestation is the primary means of controlling these diseases,
but treatment is available.
Females first come 'on heat'
between the ages of 6 and 18 months. The usual signs of
heat are swelling of the vulva, and a bloody discharge.
The best days to mate her are usually days 10-14 of the
heat, although these vary from dog to dog. At Ponds, we
can perform a simple test to more accurately pinpoint the
best time for mating. We offer pregnancy tests four weeks
after mating. Pregnancy in dogs last about 9 weeks (63 days).
We can help you to decide
when your dog has reached his/her Golden Years. Each
dog is different and age at different rates depending on
a variety of factors, including genetics, nutrition, and
environmental conditions. Healthy adult pets should be examined
at least once yearly to evaluate their weight, skin, teeth
as well as the other major organ systems. Since older pets
are at increased risk for problems in these areas, they
should be seen at least twice yearly for examination.